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Speed Up Video Viewing / Preparing your iMovie for the Web / E-mail Movie Settings / Convert Photos Into QuickTime Format for Use in iMovie / Adjusting the iMovie video quality / Fading music for voice-overs / Text size on a black background or over a still clip / Motion Filter / Getting Clips to fit on a CD-ROM / Sharing Movies with Windows / Adjusting the iMovie volume / Tutorial for iMovies / iMovies terms



Speed Up Video Viewing

Want to speed up video viewing locally on your machine? Select Edit then Preferences and click on the Playback tab and select "Smoother Motion"

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Preparing your iMovie for the Web

Note: QuickTime Pro is require for this process.
* Export the footage out of iMovie. (Export Movie > To Quicktime > Full Quality, Large) after Exporting. Open the file you exported from iMovie with QuickTime and export Movie to Quicktime Movie.
* In the options, pick a compression. Sorenson, Sorenson 3, or H.263 will work fine.
* Frames per second. 10 or 12 is advisable.
* Key frames are like a snapshot and instead of telling the QuickTime player what pixel to re-draw it, repaints the whole thing. Wach the Bandwidth but, if you have a lot of action you may want more. One Key frame a second is good.
* Limit data to:

Movie being played by
Maximum Data Rate
Hard Drive
250 K/second
56K Modem
5 K/second
15 K/second
100 K/second
20 K/second

* Pick a size. 240x180 will be good for bandwidth users and 160x120 better for Dial connection.
* Sound Settings.
11 kHz - Good
22 kHz - Better
32 kHz - Best
Turn on the Fast Start - Compressed Header.Note: You will have to test your internet connection to see if it works fine with the settings.If it does not work at least you have your full export still open in Quicktime and you can re-export with it turned off.
* Export and Done. Do not forget to test and look at the sizes of the files before you run them up to your web server.

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E-mail Movie Settings
Video Codec - H.263 H.263
Size - 160x120 240x180
Frame Rate - 10 fps 12 fps
Sound - Codec QDesign, Mono 22 kHz QDesign, Stereo, 32 kHz

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How to Convert Photos Into QuickTime Format for Use in iMovie

iMovie is designed to use video clips by capturing them directly from a DV device. If you want to use video from other sources (such as a collection of photos) it must first be converted into a DV stream. To convert your images, you will need QuickTime Pro.
* Make a QuickTime movie of your photos
After the movie is made:
* Open the QuickTime movie in QuickTime Player.
* Choose Export from the File menu.
* Choose Movie to DV Stream from the Export pop-up.
* Use the Default Settings.
* Type a name for your DV movie and click Save.
* Import the DV Stream into iMovie.

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Adjusting the iMovie video quality

To adjust the quality of video displayed in iMovie:
* Choose Preferences from the Edit menu.
* Click the Playback tab and select an option.
Smoother Motion provides smoother video playback but lower visual quality. Note: This option provides the highest number of frames per second (fps) during playback. Also these settings affect video playback only in iMovie, and do not affect the video quality of movies exported to QuickTime or videotape.

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Fading music for voice-overs without muting it

* Import the music to track 2.
* Put the marker at the very beginning of the music.
* Copy amd Paste the music
* You now have two copies covering each other. Drag the top copy up to track 1.
* From the Advanced tab Lock both tracks.
* Highlight track 1 and lower its volume level half way.
* On track 2, find the place where you want the music lowered and split the song.
* Find the spot where you want the music back to full volume and split the song again.
* Note tha the song is divided into three clips. select the middle clip and mute it.
* Double click the first clip and adjust fade out.
* Double click the third clip and adjust fade in.
* The song on track 1 is now the low level music.
* Play your movie with TRACK 1 selected, Adjust the low level on the fly when you hear the narration or the wanted sync audio.
* When you are done,go to' Edit' and click 'Select All' andthe go to Advanced tab and lock all audio clips.
* Drag down track 1 on top of track 2. You are Done!

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Same size on a black background or over a still clip

If you want to have a number of lines of text with the same size on a black background or over a still clip, you can do that in iMovie:
* Create a rolling block with your text.
* Wait until iMovie has rendered the text. Move the slider to about the middle of the clip. Adjust until your text is positioned correctly.
* Create a still clip.
Use the still and delete the clip with the rolling text (or move it to the shelf)It lets you better control the placement of text, even combine two or more titles. For example, place the fixed title "Presents" above the centerline, then add names of players that fade in and out below it. You could even add the image of a person as his/her name fades in and out.

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Using the Buena Software Motion Filter

This is a step-by-step instructions to help get panned and zoomed images into iMovie .
You will need the following tools to create the effect:
* An image - preferably a high resolution image
* QuickTime Player Pro - If you don’t already own it, it’s $30.
* The free MakeEffectMovie tool from Apple - It’s available at http://developer.apple.com/quicktime/quicktimeintro/tools/index.html
* Effects Pack 3 - Our set of QuickTime effects which includes the Motion effect. You can use the free demo or the full version for the purposes of this tutorial. Turning Your Image into a Movie
If you’re working with an image file rather than a video clip, then the first step is to make your image into a movie that lasts as long as you want the pan and zoom to last. If you already have a movie of the right length, you can skip this section.
* Open QuickTime Player Pro - you must have the “Pro” version or you will not be able to do the next step.
* Choose Import Image Sequence... from the File menu - You want to import the image as an image sequence because if you simply use the Open... command, the image will be imported in much lower quality.
* You will be presented with a standard open dialog. Select the image you want to import and press the Open button - Be sure that your image does not have a name like “Picture 001” in a folder with dozens of other pictures named “Picture 002”, “Picture 003”, etc.. Otherwise, QT Player will think that the images make up a movie and will treat each image as a frame in the movie. This is not what we want for this process.
* You will be asked how many frames per second you want the movie to be - If you’re going to be outputting this to video tape, select “29.97” frames per second. If not, I recommend using 30 frames per second. You can always cut it down later if you need to.
* Choose Select All from the Edit menu - this will select the entire movie, which is currently a single frame.
* Choose Copy from the Edit menu - You now have a single frame from your movie on the clipboard.
* Paste the frame 30 times - This will create a 1 second long movie. (Even if you selected 29.97 frames per second, you need to paste it 30 times. Trust me that you want to do this, and trust me that you don’t want to know the reasons why.)
* Choose Select All from the Edit menu - this will select the entire movie, which is now 30 frames long.
* Choose Copy from the Edit menu - this will put your one second movie onto the clipboard.
* Paste the 1 second clip 10 times - This will create a 10-second movie. If you want a longer pan or zoom, paste it more times.
* Choose Save... from the File menu and save the movie where you can find it later.You now have a 10 second movie which is just your still image. It may not seem like much, but it’s actually an important first step.

Adding the Motion Effect

* Run MakeEffectMovie - when you do so, it will immediately prompt you to choose a movie file.
* Choose the movie you created in the previous section.
* It will prompt you to find another movie. Press the Cancel button. - By pressing the Cancel button, you will be allow to create a an effect and not a transition.
* The Effects dialog is displayed. On the left side of the dialog are the names of all the effects you have installed. Scroll down the list to find the Motion effect. Click on it. - You should now see the Motion effect with 2 sets of sliders for every parameter.

* Adjust the parameters for your zoom and/or pan. To do that:
* Choose the subject you want to zoom in on.
* Adjust the ending value of the Center X parameter so that the subject is centered horizontally.
* Adjust the ending value of the Center Y parameter so that the subject is centered vertically.
* Adjust the ending Scale parameter so that the subject appears closer.* Click the OK button.
* You will be prompted to save your movie - Give it a name and a place, and press the Save button.You’ve now created the movie! But there’s one more thing to do with it.
Final stage
Now that you have the movie created, you’ll want to watch it to make sure it looks right. Then you’ll want to prepare the movie for putting on your website or to bring it back into iMovie.
* Open QuickTime Player Pro.
* Open the final movie you just created.
* Play it to make sure it looks right - playback will be choppy because QuickTime is trying to apply the effect in realtime. Don’t worry, we’re going to fix that.
* Choose Export... from the File menu.
* The export dialog will appear. Choose Movie to DV Stream from the Export popup at the bottom of the export dialog.
* Choose where to save it and what to call it, and press the Save button.You can now import that DV stream into your iMovie project and use it like any other video clip. Or you can open it in QuickTime Player Pro and export it with a more appropriate codec for the web

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Getting Clips to fit on a CD-ROM

* Open the file "iMovie Preferences" with a text editor and change AutoSceneDetectMaxBytes to AutoSceneDetectMaxBytes 670000000.

When you import, no files will be larger than 670000000 bytes. They will fit on a CD.
By the way, when you edit, you only change pointers into the raw DV files. There is not a 1-to-1 correlation between clips and DV files.

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How to share Movies with Windows and put a movie to CD that will play in most any CD-ROM

Get your friends to load Quicktime for Windows or else you going to have to convert the file to something like an AVI.
or If you want to give them a movie on CD
* From QuickTime Pro Export with this settings
Sorenson 3
Medium Quality
15 frames per second
Set key frames to 75
Set the data rate to 150+ (100 to ensure that the movie will run on PCs and Macs built in the last five years)
* Then convert that file to an AVI for Windows compatibility if not including Quicktime with CD.
* Burn either the AVI or MOV file to CD.

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Adjusting the iMovie volume

When you adjust the iMovie volume, you only change how loud the computer's speaker sounds while you use iMovie; you don't change the volume level of files in your movie. When you quit iMovie, your speaker volume is reset to its original level.
To adjust the iMovie volume:
* DragiMovie volume slider .
You can also adjust the iMovie volume by pressing the Up Arrow and Down Arrow keys on your keyboard.

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A Quick Tutorial for iMovies

Planning / Organising /
* Keep projects short: it’s better to put a lot into a thirty-second film than to struggle to fill five minutes.

* The more you plan in advance, the better. You will work much more efficiently if you log and select the footage you want to use, and plan the edit out on paper first, before importing anything into the computer.

* Allow plenty of time for projects. For high quality work, think in terms of "1:1:1" - an hour’s filming and a day’s editing to make a minute of film. If you're working with ambitious perfectionists - or just disorganised - it may take longer.Mac techniques
* You have to select an object (eg a clip) - by clicking on it once with the mouse - before you can move or manipulate it. Clicking on a neutral area of the screen will cancel your selection.

* When an object is selected, it will be highlighted (it will change colour in some way). The movie clip icons in iMovie are highlighted with a yellow outline.

* To select another object at the same time, hold down the shift key and click on the second one.

* To select several objects together, click on the first, hold down shift, then click on the last

* To move an object, press and hold on the mouse, then drag the object to where you want it to go before letting go of the mouse.

* To undo the most recent action, hold down the command (apple) key and press Z.

* To select everything (eg all the clips on the timeline) use command-A

Organising your movies

* Create a folder on your hard disc called 'Movies' and save all your movies there. To make access easier, put an alias of the 'Movies' folder on your desktop.

* Give your movies logical names.

* Don’t import everything you’ve filmed: log your footage and be selective about what you capture.

* Give your clips useful names, rather than just ‘Clip 01, Clip 02’, particularly when you’re editing dialogue, or splitting clips.
Rename them by clicking on the name and typing in the new name.

* Don’t rename clips in the project's Media folder - iMovie won’t recognise them

If iMovie fails to recognise that the camera is connected:
* Check your connections.

* Check that the camera is in VCR mode and that it hasn’t gone into standby mode (try turning it off then on again).

* If the problem persists, save your work then quit and relaunch iMovie (this only takes a few seconds).

* If you’re still having problems, restart the computer.

* If iMovie tells you your camera is a different video standard from your project, save your work and restart the computer.

* If you’re having trouble inserting the crop marks, make sure the tip of the arrow is just beneath the grey shadow below the blue scrubber bar. Alternatively, holding down the shift key and clicking on the playhead will insert crop marks.

* Review edits as you go along:
* Select the clip you’ve just edited plus the clips before and after it
* Move the playhead back to just before the clip
* Press the spacebar to play
* If you want to change your edit, press Command-Z (Undo)

* To revise a clip you edited earlier, use Advanced>Restore Clip Media.

* If iMovie tells you that you can’t use a particular transition because the clips around it are too short, use the ‘Speed’ slider to reduce the duration of the transition.

* Go easy on the transitions and effects! Fade in, Fade out and Dissolve are the only transitions used in most films.

* Learn and use the keyboard shortcuts: they will help you to work much faster. Use the spacebar rather than the on-screen buttons to start and stop your clips, or to capture footage.

* Try to keep sound levels consistent.

* Adjust the sound levels for individual sound or video clips by clicking on each clip (in the timeline) and then using the slider at the bottom right of the timelne.

* To adjust how the audio of a clip fades in and out, double-click on the clip in the timeline and use the sliders in the dialogue box.

* To edit the beginning and end of sound clips precisely, use a larger magnification on the timeline.

* To be sure that you don’t have sound glitches when you’re doing cutaways, do the following:
* Select the master clip (the one that you’ll be inserting the cutaways over)
* Go to Advanced click Extract Audio
* Make sure the clip and its audio are locked together (in the timeline, there should be a pin symbol on the clip and its audio)

* You can record voiceovers using the iMac’s internal microphone, but the quality isn’t very good. Instead, plug in a powered microphone into your iMac or Powerbook (you need a USB microphone for iBooks).

* If you don’t have a microphone, you can use the camcorder’s microphone (except on iBooks) or get a Mac compatiable Mic or head set.
* To insert a cutaway:
* There are two ways to do this. You can either trim the clip you want to insert, and then copy the entire clip; alternatively you can just insert the crop marks and copy the section you have selected.
* Go to the timeline and move the playhead to where you want to insert your cutaway
* Go to Advanced click Paste over at playhead.

Split editing
Split editing (not to be confused with ‘Split clip at playhead’) is the term for an edit where the sound and picture change at different times. It can make continuity editing flow much more smoothly.
Split edit 1
Sound from Clip 2 comes in over the picture from Clip 1.
* Trim the two clips to include all the sound and vision you want from both clips.
* Put your clips on the timeline.
* Extract the audio from both clips. Put the audio from Clip 2 on the second audio track.
* Move the playhead to the point in Clip 2 at which you want the picture to change. Go to Advanced then Split Clip at Playhead.
* Now move the playhead to the end of Clip 2.
* Go to Advanced then Unlock Audio Clip
* Then to Advanced and Lock Audio Clip at Playhead
* Delete the first part of the picture from Clip 2.
* Trim the audio from Clip 1 by moving its handle (the grey triangle at the end of the audio clip) left until it lines up with the beginning of the audio from Clip 2.

Split edit 2
Sound from Clip 1 carries on over the picture from Clip 2
* Trim the two clips as before.
* Extract audio from both clips.
* Move the audio from Clip 2 to the second audio track.
* Split the video of Clip 1 at the point you want the audio from Clip 2 to come in.
* Delete the unwanted video from Clip 1.Backup
Backup your work regularly if you can. If you don't have an external drive or removeable media to back up to, you should consider exporting important projects (such as coursework) to DV tape at the end of each session.

Start the iMovie programme
* Turn on the computer.
* Find the ‘iMovie’ icon: a little picture of a clapperboard with ‘DV’ on it. Double-click on this to start the programme.
If iMovie starts with another project:
* To create a new project, go to the File menu and select New Project
* To open an existing project, go to File>Open and search for the project you want to open.2 Connect the camera
You connect the camera to the computer using a ‘Firewire’ cable – a cable with one large end and one small end.
The large plug is flat, with one end curved and the other flat. The small end is rectangular with a notch on one side. The small end goes in the camera and the large end goes in the computer. Check the plugs carefully to make sure they’re the right way up – you shouldn’t force them.
Put your camera into ‘VCR’ mode by turning the main power button down one click from the horizontal position.
iMovie should display ‘Camera connected’ on the screen. If not, you may need to use the button at the bottom left-hand corner of the main window: click on the little picture of a DV camera.
Problem: iMovie doesn’t display 'Camera connected'
Problem: There’s a dialogue box telling me the camera is a different video standard from my project.
Answer: Save your work, then quit and relaunch iMovie: If you still have a problem, save your work then quit iMovie and restart the computer. 3 Find the material you want and import it
Use the buttons below the main window to go back and forward through the tapes selecting the bits you want (but see ‘Logging and paper edit’ below).
If you have several clips one after the other on your camcorder tape, all of which you need, it’s easiest to press the Import button and let iMovie divide the clips up automatically.
Problem: My clips appear in the Movie, not in the Shelf.
Problem: iMovie doesn’t split the clips up automatically.
Answer: Go to File>Preferences and change the settings under the ‘Import’ tab.
When you’ve finished importing your clips, click on the little picture of a filmstrip to switch from camera to ‘movie’ mode. You are now ready to start editing.4 Start editing
Renaming clips
If you have a lot of clips – particularly if they look similar – it can be a good idea to give them new names. Click on the name of the clip (just below the small picture) and type the new name straight in. This is particularly useful when you’re working with dialogue.
You must rename clips within iMovie. If you rename them inside the project’s Media folder, you’ll corrupt the project.
Putting your clips in the Movie
The horizontal bar at the bottom of the screen is the Movie, where you put your clips in order, rearrange them and add effects, sound and so on. There are two ways of looking at your clips: the Clip Viewer (eye symbol) where you just see the clips in order as single pictures, and the Timeline Viewer (clock symbol) where you can also see audio tracks and the relative length of clips.
Cropping clips
You can crop clips either in the Movie or on the Shelf, though it’s best to put the clips in order in the Movie first, then trim them. To crop a clip, click on the little picture to select the clip, and then put in crop marks just under the blue scrubber bar below the main window.
There are two ways to put in Crop marks: a quick way and an easy way.
The quick way:
Put the tip of the arrow just below the Scrubber bar where you want your edit to start, then hold the mouse/trackpad button down and drag to select the edit. This can be fiddly.
The easy way:
* Use the space bar to play through the clip. Press it once again to stop the Playhead at the point where you want your selection to begin. Then hold down the shift key, and click on the Playhead using the mouse. Crop marks will appear just under the Playhead.
* (Note: the Playhead is the inverted white triangle just above the blue Scrubber bar – don’t confuse it with the play button).
* Now, use the space bar to play through to where you want your selection to end. Then select the right-hand crop marker and drag it to where the playhead is at the end of the selection. (You can also use the mouse – or the keyboard’s left and right arrows – to get the Playhead to the exact point you want.) Once you’ve inserted your crop markers (remember the yellow selection is the bit you keep) select ‘Crop’ from the Edit menu. Then play through your edited clip to check it.
Alternatively, you can select the part you want to remove, and get rid of it using ‘Cut’ on the Edit menu.
Dividing clips up
You can split clips up into smaller clips. This is good if you want to cut back and forth between material shot from different camera positions. To do this, put the Playhead where you want to divide the clip and go to Edit>Split Clip at Playhead.
Using clips more than once
Select the clip, go to Edit, click Copy and then Paste.
Changing your mind
Changed your mind about an edit? If it’s the last action you did, go to File>Undo.
If you want to restore a clip you trimmed earlier, go to Advanced>Restore Clip Media. (You can’t do this after you’ve emptied the Trash).
Saving your project

Remember to save regularly - every five minutes or so, and just before you make a major change to your movie that you're not sure about!
Export your movie
You can export either to computer file or to tape.
To export to DV tape, connect your camera using the Firewire cable. Make sure it has a blank tape in it (or a blank section of tape long enough for the film you want to export.) Switch it on in 'VCR' mode.
Then go to File click Export Movie and choose 'To Camera'. Press 'Export' and leave the movie to run.
To export to computer file, go to File click Export Movie and choose 'To QuickTime'. Choose a suitable Quicktime format from the list.

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iMovie terms

The grid at the right of the screen where you keep your clips before putting them in your movie. Buttons at the bottom of the Shelf also let you choose Transitions (like fades and dissolves), Effects, Titles and Audio.
In a professional video editing programme this would be called the Browser or Bin.Movie
The film you are making, which you put together on the bar at the bottom of the screen (using the Clip Viewer or the Timeline Viewer):

Clip viewer (Eye symbol)
This way of looking at your movie shows you the clips as icons. In the Clip viewer you can rearrange clips and drag them back to the Shelf.

Timeline viewer (Clock symbol)
Another way of viewing your movie, which shows you two audio tracks as well as showing the relative lengths of the video clips. Playhead
The little vertical line with an upside-down white triangle above it, which indicates exactly where you are in your clip or movie.

Crop marks - The little white triangles just below the scrubber bar that mark the beginning and end of the part of the clip you have selected. These are equivalent to In and Out points in tape-to-tape video editing or in professional editing programmes.

Scrubber bar
The blue bar under the main picture window, where you move through your clips (using the Playhead) and insert Crop marks.

Logging and paper edits

Unless you’re working with a very small amount of footage at a time, it’s a good idea to select your footage before you start working on the computer. This has several advantages:
* it frees up your computer for other users
* it saves wear on the camcorder or deck and frees it up for other users
* most importantly, it means you think through and plan your edit more carefully.You could just go through the tape on the camera or DV deck, but you can also make a copy on VHS by connecting the composite video output to a VHS deck. (The composite video lead has a yellow colour-coded jack at one end, and yellow, red and white plugs on the other. These either connect straight into a deck, or you may need to use an oblong multipin SCART adaptor).
You need to ensure that the timecode is displayed on the tape: there should be a control on your camcorder’s remote control which does this – it’s probably called TV SCREEN or DISPLAY. You can then take your VHS tapes away to log at your leisure, making a note of the timecode at the beginning and end of each clip. This will let you make a paper edit, where you work out on paper which parts of which shots you need, in which order.

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